易菇网
current location: Index » 英文 » News » text

Eating mushrooms may slow mental decline: Study


[Release date]2019-03-14
[Core hints]117SHARESThe study aimed to measure the differences with satiety and a 10-day food intake between 226 grams white button
 2017_10_20_34435_1508489764._large
117
SHARES
The study aimed to measure the differences with satiety and a 10-day food intake between 226 grams white button mushrooms and 28 grams meat. (Shutterstock/Stephen Gibson)
 
 
Eating more mushrooms could help keep mental decline at bay, a new study of more than 600 Singaporeans aged 60 and above has showed.
 
Researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) found that participants who ate more than two servings of mushrooms a week - equivalent to 300g or about half a plate - were 57 per cent less likely to have mild cognitive impairment compared with those who ate less than one portion a week.
 
The study was conducted between 2011 and 2017.
 
Announcing the findings on Tuesday (March 12), Dr Irwin Cheah, a senior research fellow at NUS' Department of Biochemistry, said this could be because mushrooms contain high levels of a compound known as ergothioneine.
 
The compound acts as an antioxidant and an anti-inflammatory agent, and can protect brain cells from damage, Dr Cheah said.
 
In a separate 2016 study also involving Dr Cheah , the researcher found that having a deficiency of the compound could be a risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's.
 
 
Dr Cheah said the researchers measured a range of foods and found that many, including beans and liver, contain low levels of the compound.
 
Mushrooms, which are able to synthesize ergothioneine, were found to have very high levels of it.
 
The study was part of the wider Diet and Healthy Ageing research done in Singapore.
 
Those who were diagnosed with dementia or other serious mental conditions were excluded from the mushroom study.
 
The participants were asked to report their regular diets, including the intake of six types of mushrooms commonly eaten in Singapore: golden mushrooms, oyster mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, white button mushrooms, dried mushrooms and canned mushrooms.
 
The researchers also controlled the intake of other foods known to be correlated with cognitive function, such as vegetables, fruit and nuts.
 
The participants then took tests designed to measure cognitive abilities like memory and how quickly they can process information.
 
The scores were controlled for age and education levels.
 
Those who scored less than 1.5 standard deviations below the mean score of participants with similar ages and education levels were determined to have mild cognitive impairment.
 
about 90 out of the 663 participants fell into this category.
 
Mild cognitive impairment is the intermediate stage between normal cognitive decline, associated with ageing, and dementia, which is more serious and has no cure.
 
The study's principal investigator, Assistant Professor Feng Lei, said:
 
Prof Feng, who is from NUS' Department of Psychological Medicine, said people with mild cognitive impairment can still perform most normal functions, and that the rate of decline can be slowed through dietary and other lifestyle interventions.
 
Tests showed that this group had lower levels of ergothioneine in their bloodstreams, which also correlated with their lower intake of mushrooms.
 
Prof Feng added that the researchers plan to conduct a clinical trial on the potential benefits of pure ergothioneine alone or in combination with other nutrients derived from plants in delaying cognitive decline.
 
If it is successful, the research could lead to the development of a supplement in future.
 
[ search ]  [ Join the collection ]  [ Tell your friends ]  [ Print this article ]  [ Violation Report ]  [ close window ]

 

 
Image & Text
Referral information
Click on the rankings
 

Latest topic

 
易菇网
产品检索: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
中国菌物学会单位会员  中国网上电玩城下分协会理事单位会员  深圳市互联网自助领彩金的白菜网应用协会单位会员  深圳市电子商务协会单位会员  |官方微博  
运营单位经营资质  中国农业百强网站证书  双软认证证书  软件著作权证书  出版物经营许可证号:新出发书刊字第司字OV-060号  食品经营许可证号:JY14201180010720